The movements that redefined art in the 1960s and 1970s substantially drew on workshops for devising new concepts and practices. The workshop format highlights the value of effects that emerge from spending time together in a loosely defined situation. This resonated with artists’ wish to favour the collective process over marketable products, to blend in the aesthetic with the social and political, and to get rid of disciplinary divisions. While they maintained a relation to the craftsman’s working place with an emphasis on concrete, problem-oriented cooperation, an interest in material things and tools, and curiosity for experience-based learning and sharing knowledge, the workshop experiments of that era embraced almost anything that suggested some kind of performative dynamic: cult rituals, meditation exercises, techniques of psychological (self-)manipulation, improvisation, orgiastic lovemaking,… And this wild mix of approaches helped establish the idea that the workshop is a perfectly open, and almost universally applicable, setup for collective endeavors – an idea that does not seem to have lost its appeal.
Workshop culture expanded globally within a short period of time, and whereas many workshops are still given for free, for instance in political activism or social and community work, the service economy has been quick to exploit the workshop’s commercial potential. A workshop industry promises all sorts of ‘valuable’ personal experience and the feeling of togetherness as a return for investment – plus socio-economic benefit, if the workshop leaders are renowned, influential players in their professional fields. Education and training in theatre, dance and performance rely extensively on the workshop today, but it has also become the instrument of choice for skills transfer, motivational coaching, and teambuilding in the business world. A considerable number of artists who cannot live from selling their work offer workshops for companies, advocating techniques like musical improvisation as means for optimizing the workflow. However interesting it may be to observe the consequences of such transfers between the artistic and the economic sphere, a problematic point is also obvious here: Where pressure for self-improvement drives people to participate in one workshop after the other for fear of missing out on the latest trend, the freedom to experiment easily becomes hijacked by the coercive forces of a neoliberal regime. Perhaps this already happened during the first big wave of workshopping during the 1970s. In any case, an analysis of the workshop format must address issues of valorization and commercialization, of openness and its ideological simulacra, of ‘process vs. product’ and ‘process as product’.
This international conference will investigate the workshop at the intersection of art, politics, and economy, examining the format both in its historical success and in its relevance for current notions of collectivity. In addition to revisiting the history of artist-organized workshops from the 1960s to the present – with special attention also to the 1990s and early 2000s –, it will try to outline a genealogy, which includes the role of workshops in politicizing education, in grassroots political movements, in body-centered therapeutical approaches, in mediation, and in post-Fordist designs of organizing work. The conference will also present and analyze artistic work that critically-affirmatively engages with, and reflects on, the workshop. It will take place online via Zoom from March 26-28, 2021.
Organized by the Fritz Thyssen Project "Collective Realization – The Workshop as an Artistic-Political Format" (Institute for Theatre Studies, Ruhr University, Bochum) in collaboration with the ICI Berlin and the PSR project ’Our Dance’ (Heizhaus/Uferstudios GmbH) in Berlin. Funded by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation and the Berliner Senatsverwaltung für Kultur und Europa.
Friday, March 26 (Talks and Discussions)
10:00 – 11:00 Opening and Introduction
11:00 – 12:00 Diedrich Diederichsen (Academy of Fine Arts Vienna)
Free Jazz with Children: A 13 year old boy among men who once were friends of Monk
12:00 – 12:30 Coffee Break
12:30 – 13:30 Sabeth Buchmann (Academy of Fine Arts Vienna)
Community in/as Progressive Work
13:30 – 14:30 Bojana Cvejić (Oslo National Academy of the Arts)
Scores, feelings: or whence workshops transindividate
14:30 – 15:30 Lunch Break
15:30 – 16:30 Konstantina Georgelou (Utrecht University)
workshop and nonwork: articulating collective needs by infiltrating existing structures
16:30 – 16:45 Short Break
16:45 – 17:45 Wadzanai Motsi-Khatai (Center for Intersectional Justice Berlin)
An Introduction to Intersectionality
17:45 – 18:00 Short Break
18:00 – 19:00 Zahra Ali Baba (Kuwait City)
Inherent Diplomacy in Traditional Building Communities
19:00 – 20:00 Dinner Break
20:00 – 21:00 Yvonne Rainer (New York) and Xavier Le Roy (Berlin)
Saturday, March 27 (Talks and Discussions)
10:00 – 11:00 Hanna Poddig (Hamburg)
The workshop as an emancipatory mediation method of resistant practices
11:00 – 12:00 Sebastian Voigt (Polizei Berlin)
The Training of the Berlin Police Force in the Workshop
12:00 – 12:30 Coffee Break
12:30 – 13:30 Aernout Mik (Münster Academy of Art) in conversation with Kai van Eikels (RUB)
„Speaking in Tongues" – What workshops can make us say and do
13:30 – 14:30 Alice Chauchat (Berlin)
14:30 – 16:00 Lunch Break
16:00 – 17:00 Anne Schuh (Free University Berlin)
Sharing Practice, Formatting Dance
17:00 – 18:00 Heike Roms (University of Exeter)
"Anybody who uses the word 'workshop' and who's not connected with light engineering is a t**t": The changing fate of the workshop and the emergence of live art
18:00 – 19:30 Dinner Break
19:30 – 21:00 Marta Popivoda (Berlin)
Caressing Machine Film screening and discussion after
Sunday, March 28 (Talks, Workshops, and Discussions)
10:00 – 10:30 Juli Reinartz and Mila Pavićević (Berlin)
Presentation of the PSR Collective and the project series OUR DANCE
10:30 – 11:30 Julia Bee (Bauhaus University Weimar) and Gerko Egert (Justus Liebig University Giessen)
Learning to Experiment: Pedagogies Across Art, Activism and Academia
11:30 – 12:00 Coffee Break
12:00 – 13:00 Lea Martini and Bella Hager (Berlin)
cellular encounters: Movements of fantastic anatomies
13:00 – 14:00 Lunch Break
14:00 – 15:00 Workshop Relationships – A Workshop About the Workshop Concept+Text: Nana Melling and Jens Eschert Digital Concept: Nana Melling Performance: Anne Mahlow and Nana Mellig (Frankfurt/M. and Offenbach/M.)
15:00 – 15:15 Short Break
15:15 – 16:45 Doris Uhlich (Vienna)
16:45 – 17:00 Conference Closing
Extracts of the video works Speaking in Tongues by Aernout Mik and Caressing Machine by Marta Popivoda will be available as online streams from March 20 till 29 here.
Concept and Organization: Kai van Eikels and Stefan Hölscher.
Speakers (in alphabetical order): Julia Bee, Sabeth Buchmann, Dragana Bulut, Alice Chauchat, Bojana Cvejić, Diedrich Diederichsen, Gerko Egert, Konstantina Georgelou, Aernout Mik, Wadzanai Motsi-Khatai, Hanna Poddig, Yvonne Rainer, Xavier le Roy, Heike Roms, Anne Schuh, and Sebastian Voigt.
Workshops and artistic presentations by (in alphabetical order): Jens Eschert, Bella Hager, Lea Martini, Nana Melling, Marta Popivoda, and Doris Uhlich.
Assistant: Miedya Mahmod.
Graphic Design: Zahra Rashid.